The Oldest Pencil in the World
On Brainpickings, Maria Popova shares one essential thing you didn’t know you didn’t know, the surprising history of the pencil, from John D. Barrow’s “altogether fascinating book” 100 Essential Things You Didn’t Know You Didn’t Know.
Aramaic Adoption Contract, dates to October 22, 416 B.C.E., found at Elephantine Island, Egypt, Papyrus/ ink.
This document originates in the archive of Ananiah and Tamut, members of a Jewish family living on Elephantine Island in the fifth century B.C. This contract allows a man named Uriah to adopt a boy named Jedaniah and thus free him from slavery. Adoption was one legal method used to free slaves in ancient Egypt. (x)